They that were full - All the things mentioned in these verses frequently happen in the course of the Divine providence; and indeed it is the particular providence of God that Hannah seems more especially to celebrate through the whole of this simple yet sublime ode. Do not magnify yourselves, speak not proudly, proudly. 1 Samuel 2:1. Iscriviti a Prime Ciao, Accedi Account e liste Accedi Account e liste Ordini Iscriviti a Prime Carrello. Samuel anointed David in 1 Samuel 16, and throughout the rest of the book, all sorts of people endorse David as the coming king: the women who hail David’s victories; Saul’s son Jonathan and his daughter Michal; Abigail the erstwhile wife of … Continue reading "Commentary on 2 Samuel 1:1, 17-27" Many years later, men translated the Bible into the Greek language (the language of the *New Testament). Without this, water could not rise in fountains, nor the sap in vegetables. God made us poor, which is a good reason why we should be content, and make up our minds to our condition. Any rock — Thou only art a sure defence and refuge to all that flee to thee. 1 Samuel 2:1-11.HANNAH'S SONG IN THANKFULNESS TO GOD. They wasted the Lord's heritage, and now they beg their bread! Their division into two books each, as we now have them, originates with the so-called Septuagint translation of the Hebrew Scriptures into Greek, said to have been made in the third century B.C. The bows of the mighty - The Targum considers the first verse as including a prophecy against the Philistines; the second verse, against Sennacherib and his army; the third, against Nebuchadnezzar and the Chaldeans; the fourth, against the Greeks; the fifth, against Haman and his posterity; and the tenth, against Magog, and the enemies of the Messiah. Why do ye such things! He lifteth up the poor from the dust; From the dunghill he exalteth the beggar, To make him sit with the nobles, And inherit the throne of glory. To utter this hymn Hannah was raised by divine inspiration, while she was engaged in devout meditation on the extraordinary goodness of God to her. Eli is aged, both … Continue reading "Commentary on 1 Samuel 3:1-10 [11-20]" Before they burnt the fat - They would serve themselves before God was served! As he did this with a pious disposition of mind, it was called ministering unto the Lord. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 2:4". Eli blessed Elkanah - The natural place of this verse seems to be before the 11th; after which the 21st should come in; after the 21st, perhaps the 26th should come in. Thus, the Song of Hannah serves as ‘a thematic and structural introduction to Samuel'” (Tsumara, 135, quoting R.C. She looks beyond the gift, and praises the Giver. This is all imaginary; we do not know this compressing celestial fluid; but there is one that answers the same end, which we do know, i.e., the Air, the columns of which press upon the earth in all directions; above, below, around, with a weight of fifteen pounds to every square inch; so that a column of air of the height of the atmosphere, which on the surface of the globe measures one square inch, is known by the most accurate and indubitable experiments to weigh fifteen pounds. Christ is that merciful and faithful High Priest, whom God raised up when the Levitical priesthood was thrown off, who in all things did his Father's mind, and for whom God will build a sure house, build it on a rock, so that hell cannot prevail against it. She rejoiced in the salvation of the Lord, and in expectation of His coming, who is the whole salvation of his people. the whole of this hymn is written in hemistich or poetic lines. Jehovah maketh poor, and maketh rich; He bringeth down, and he even exalteth. From Eli it was transferred back again to the family of Eleazar, because of the profligacy of Eli's sons. As he did this with a pious disposition of mind, it was called ministering unto the Lord. See the note on Exodus 38:8, where the Hebrew text is similar to that in this place. For it was twenty years — It is not said that this space of twenty years was all the time of the ark’s abode there, for it continued there from Eli’s time till David’s reign, (2 Samuel 6:2,) which was forty-six years; but that it was so long there before the Israelites were sensible of their sin and misery. 1. The adversaries of the Lord shall be broken - Those who contend with him, מריביו meribaiu, by sinning against his laws, opposing the progress of his word, or persecuting his people. On this circumstance the following elegant couplet was made: -. If our high priests, our archbishops and bishops, do not their duty, the whole body of the clergy may become corrupt or inefficient. The law had determined what sins should be punished with death; and it was supposed that there was not any appeal from the decision there pronounced. This prophecy looks to the kingdom of Christ, that kingdom of grace, of which Hannah speaks, after having spoken largely of the kingdom of providence. The Lord killeth - God is the arbiter of life and death; he only can give life, and he only has a right to take it away. Or, the affliction of the tabernacle, for all the wealth which God would have given Israel. Jehovah shall bruise them who contend with him; Upon them shall be thunder in the heavens. Thou shalt see an enemy in my habitation - Every version and almost every commentator understands this clause differently. The second half of 1 Samuel recounts the contest between Saul and David. 1 Samuel 2:5. Bibliography InformationClarke, Adam. This first book gives us a full account of Eli’s fall and Samuel’s rise and good government, 1 Sam. 1 Samuel 2:5. He bringeth down to the grave - The Hebrew word שאול sheol, which we translate grave, seems to have the same meaning in the Old Testament with ἁδης, hades in the New, which is the word generally used by the Septuagint for the other. Watch Queue Queue. This clause is wanting in the Complutensian Polyglot, but it is in the edition of Aldus, in that of Cardinal Caroffa, and in the Codex Alexandrinus. In short, both vegetable and animal life depend, under God, on these pillars or compressors of the earth; and were it not for this compressing power, the air contained in the vessels of all plants and animals would by its elasticity expand and instantly rupture all those vessels, and cause the destruction of all animal and vegetable life: but God in his wisdom has so balanced these two forces, that, while they appear to counteract and balance each other, they serve, by mutual dilations and compressions, to promote the circulation of the sap in vegetables, and the blood in animals. For to Jehovah belong the pillars of the earth, And upon them he hath placed the globe. But it has been chosen for the lectionary because of its parallels with the gospel text for the day regarding Jesus’ boyhood (Luke 2:41-52). The Lord maketh poor - For many cannot bear affluence, and if God should continue to trust them with riches, they would be their ruin. They formerly pampered themselves, and fed to the full on the Lord's sacrifices; and now they are reduced to a morsel of bread. 5. And here is the first time that we meet with the name MESSIAH, or his Anointed. Unto the house of thy father - That is, to Aaron; he was the first high priest; the priesthood descended from him to his eldest son Eleazar, then to Phinehas. (11-26) The prophecy against Eli's family. 1832. Now it came to pass after the death of Saul, when David had returned from the slaughter of the Amalekites, and David had stayed two days in Ziklag, on the third day, behold, it happened that a man came from Saul’s camp with his clothes torn and dust on his head. This was iniquity and arrogance of the first magnitude. Sidlow Baxter - In the Hebrew manuscripts, 1 and 2 Samuel form but one book, as also do 1 and 2 Kings and 1 and 2 Chronicles. The abominable conduct of Eli's sons, 1 Samuel 2:12-17. After a narrative on the Hannah’s unlikely pregnancy (1 Samuel 1) and her accompanying prayer (1 Samuel 2), 1 Samuel 3 describes the call narrative for the Israelite leader. nor would an angel show Him; They would not know, nor choose to know Him.". A God of knowledge - He is the most wise, teaching all good, and knowing all things. For them that honor me - This is a plan from which God will never depart; this can have no alteration; every promise is made in reference to it; "they who honor God shall be honored; they who despise him shall be lightly esteemed.". This was esteemed an effeminate garment among the Romans. Hannah's heart rejoiced, not in Samuel, but in the Lord. The Targum translates it מעא mea, which is the same as the Hebrew gerah, and weighed about sixteen grains of barley. Under pretense of taking only their own part, they took the best of all they chose, and as much as they chose. 1 Samuel 2:10. This video is unavailable. Maketh rich - Some he can trust, and therefore makes them stewards of his secular bounty. And Hannah prayed and said: “My heart rejoices in the LORD; My horn is exalted in the LORD. Where religion is established by law, the strictest ecclesiastical discipline should be kept up, and all hireling priests and ecclesiastical drones should be expelled from the Lord's vineyard. When sinners begin to repent and reform, they must expect that Satan will muster all his force against them, and set his instruments at work to the utmost, to oppose and discourage them. And Hannah prayed, and said - The Chaldee very properly says, And Hannah prayed in the spirit of prophecy; for indeed the whole of this prayer, or as it may be properly called oracular declaration, is a piece of regular prophecy, every part of it having respect to the future, and perhaps not a little - of it declaratory oil the Messiah's kingdom. Both the word of Jehovah (2 Samuel 7:4-16) and the words of David (2 Samuel 23:1-7) stress the importance of the God-given kingdom. Loading... Close. Read 1 Samuel 2 commentary using Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Complete). Hannah was also a prophetess of the first class, besides predicting her own fruitfulness, 1 Samuel 2:5, (for she bore six children in all, 1 Samuel 2:21;), she foretold not only the more immediate judgments of God upon the Philistines during her son's administration, 1 Samuel 2:10, but his remoter judgments 'upon the ends of the earth,' 1 Samuel 2:10, in the true spirit of the prophecies of Jacob, Balaam, and Moses. 1 Samuel 2:2. 1. Read 1 Samuel 13:14. It happened after this that David inquired of the LORD, saying, “Shall I … Those who allow their children in any evil way, and do not use their authority to restrain and punish them, in effect honour them more than God. 1 Samuel 2:1. Are we poor? Like them, she describes the promised Savior of the world as a King, before there was any king in Israel; and she first applied to him the remarkable epithet Messiah in Hebrew, Christ in Greek, and Anointed in English, which was adopted by David, Nathan, Ethan, Isaiah, Daniel, and the succeeding prophets of the Old Testament; and by the apostles and inspired writers of the New.
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